Environment
Protocol of Montreal

Given that Methyl Bromide is thought to contribute to the destruction of the Earth’s stratospheric ozone layer, an international treaty – The Montreal Protocol - has decided to gradually phase-out the production and use of Methyl Bromide. A different phase-out timing is foreseen for developing and developed countries, as the use of Methyl Bromide is often crucial for a country's agricultrual production. Certain applications are also exempt from the phase-out, such as the use of Methyl Bromide in quarantaine and pre-shipment applications. Moreover, the fact that Methyl Bromide has some unique characteristics has caused that the Montreal Protocol provides for some exemptions to the phase-out, the so-called ‘Critical Use Exemptions’.


REGULATED METHYL BROMIDE APPLICATIONS

1. Pre-plant soil fumigations

2. Post-harvest commodities and structures fumigations


The regulation differs according to the country to which the regulation applies:
  • A2 = DEVELOPED COUTRIES (USA, EU, Switserland, Canada, Autralia, Japan, New-Zealand)
  • A5 = DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
  • A2 Countries

    PHASED OUT SINCE 2005

    As of 2005, each year CUE are granted
    for certain applications
    A5 Countries

    TO BE PHASED OUT on DEC 31, 2014

    As of 2015 CUE can be granted.


    CUE=CRITICAL USE EXEMPTIONS can be granted on a yearly basis
    if there is no valid alternative for a given use of Methyl Bromide.


    APPLICATIONS THAT ARE NOT REGULATED

    1. Q/PS
    (Quarantine and Pre-shipment, hence related to export and import)
    (see ARTICLE 5, 8ter, (d) iv of the Montreal Protocol)

    2. FEEDSTOCK and SYNTHESIS
    (the use of Methyl Bromide as a basic ingredient for the manufacturing of other chemicals)


    For more information about the Protocol of Montreal: visit the United Nations Environment Programme website.





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